Development practitioners, civil society representatives and EU officials were invited to contribute to a panel discussion in Brussels, Belgium, on political realities and domestic accountability in EU development aid.
The discussion, hosted by the European Partnership for Democracy (EPD) on 25 January 2017, centred around the ongoing review of the European Development Fund (EDF), the largest European financial instrument for development aid in African, Caribbean, and Pacific countries (ACP). Participants discussed the extent to which the Fund currently addresses domestic accountability in recipient countries.
Specifically, they considered the following questions:
- What priority does the strengthening of domestic accountability take in the EDF?
- How is this reflected in the amount and type of funding for development?
- What degree of influence do domestic accountability actors have on the development agenda in their countries and how are they engaged across the EDF programming cycle?
By offering answers to these questions, the meeting contributed to the larger discussion of how ACP-EU development aid should be structured after 2020, when the Cotonou Agreement is set to expire.
“The EU owns the EDF. That does not take away the responsibility to safeguard the involvement and accountability of local actors” Judith Sargentini (MEP)
The first panel session
A number of GPMD member organizations actively contributed to the event’s two panel sessions.
In the first panel, Kizito Tenthani, Executive Director for the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD) Uganda programme, offered his perspective on how development initiatives in his country can tackle the highly complex issue of politics and ensure that all local perspectives are heard.
In addition, Fabien Nsengimana, Executive Director of the Burundi Leadership Training Program (BLTP) shared his perspective from the point of view of Burundi. In his intervention, he stressed the importance, for the stability of the country, of development aid taking into account not only government but also a wider group of stakeholders, including civil society, the media and political parties.
During the first panel, both Kizito Tenthani and Fabien Nsengimana strongly underlined the importance of a thorough analysis of the political economy in order to prevent development agencies from strengthening institutions captured by the political establishment.
The second panel session
The second panel examined ways in which non-government actors can be involved in the implementation of the EDF.
“The EU is not doing enough in terms of supporting the space for civil society” Karine Sohet, ACT Alliance EU
Hermenegildo Mulhovo, Executive Director of the Instituto para Democracia Multipartidária de Moçambique (AIMD-Moçambique), was among the panellists, and imparted his knowledge and experience from the Mozambican context.
In addition, Isaac Maposa, Executive Director of the Zimbabwe Institute (ZI), shared his analysis that the weakest part of the EDF has been the support it lends to civil society and political actors. In his view this has been further eroded due to shifting EU priorities relating to migration.
Participants of both panels agreed on the importance of engaging with domestic accountability actors, but identified several shortcomings with regard to the EDF (due, in part, to its particularities as a funding instrument).
Panellists specifically highlighted the need to increase awareness of EU funding instruments, to broaden the range of actors with which the EU engages, and to follow long-term approaches rather than providing ad-hoc support to domestic accountability actors.
About the EDF
Created in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome and launched in 1959, the EDF is the EU’s main instrument for providing development aid to ACP countries and to overseas countries and territories (OCTs). The EDF finances cooperation activities in the fields of economic development, social and human development as well as regional cooperation and integration.